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  • RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is the oldest distance vector routing protocol. The maximum number of hop count is 15 and the hop count number 16 is defined as infinite distance. The converged time is slow if compared with other routing protocols such as EIGRP, OSPF and IS-IS. There are two versions in RIP: version 1 and version 2.

     
    RIP V1

    RIP v1 uses FLSM (fixed length subnet masking) and does not support VLSM(variable length subnet masking). Using FLSM causes IP wastes.

     

    FLSM Examples,

    192.168.1.0 /24

    192.168.2.0 /24



    RIP V2

    RIP V2 supports VLSM (variable length subnet masking). If there are different amount of hosts in an organization, we should use RIP v2.

     

    For example,

    HR Department : 20 hosts

    Engineering Department: 50 hosts

    IT department: 10 hosts

    Sales department: 30 hosts

     

    The following is the sample configuration of RIP in Cisco Routers.

     

     

     Router 1

    Activate Connection to Router 2

    en
    config t
    int s0/0/0
    ip address 200.100.10.1 255.255.255.252
    clock rate 64000
    no shut

     
    Activate Connection to Switch 1
    int g0/0
    ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
    no shut

     

    Configure RIP V1/V2

    router rip
    version 2
    network 192.168.1.0
    network 200.100.10.0
    end

     
    Save the Configuration
    copy run start

     
    Switch 1
    Activate Connection to Router 1

    en
    config t
    int f0/1
    no shut
     

    Activate Connection to PC5
    int f0/2
    no shut
     

    Activate Connection to PC6
    int f0/3
    no shut
    end
     

    Save the Configuration

    copy run start

     


    Router 2
    Activate Connection to Router 1
    en
    config t
    int s0/0/0
    ip address 200.100.10.2 255.255.255.252
    clock rate 64000
    no shut

     
    Activate Connection to Switch 2
    int g0/0
    ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0
    no shut

    Configure RIP V1/V2
    router rip
    version 2
    network 192.168.2.0
    network 200.100.10.0
    end
     

    Save the Configuration
    copy run start


     
    Switch 2
    Activate Connection to Router 2
    en
    config t
    int f0/1
    no shut

     
    Activate Connection to PC7
    int f0/2
    no shut
     

    Activate Connection to PC8
    int f0/3
    no shut
    end



    Save the Configuration
    copy run start

     

    Pkt File
    Please click here to download packet tracer file.
    (Note: you need to give ip address, subnet mask and default gateway to the hosts)